You can charge your electric car in two ways: at home or in designated public places. You can use electric home charging point. See what you need for each option and the map of charging points.
Charging an electric car is very simple. Once the contract with the Electricity Trader for Electric Mobility (CEME) sign, you will receive the charging card. This gives you access to all stations on the public charging network.
Going to any location, you only need to:
Depending on the time needed to charge, you can take the opportunity to work, read a book, listen to your favorite podcast, go shopping, etc. trip.
Charging time depends on two factors:
Electric car batteries work with electric home charging point. If the car is charged with the same type of current, the process is faster. When it’s with alternating current, like home charging, it takes longer.
It is possible to reduce this time. Installing a Wall Box ensures the flow of energy and reduces charging time at home. Through a traditional socket, charging the electric car can take several hours, because the current available is not always the same.
On the public network, at a fast charging station (50 kW/h), you can charge 80% of the battery in less than an hour.
Most semi-public charging stations – for example, in shopping center and supermarket car parks – are still free.
If you choose to charge at home, you will notice a slight difference in the electricity bills. Considering that the average cost electric home charging point depends on the type of charging.
Electric vehicle charger is a device common to charge the battery of electric cars. Like other electrical or electronic equipment, such as cell phones for example, which have a battery and are charged through a charger, electric cars follow the same logic.
The electric vehicle or car works mainly by electricity. They are vehicles in which the propulsion carries out, in whole or in part, through the use of an electric motor. Electric cars have batteries instead of the fuel tank and. It is necessary to connect it to a charging station to recharge the battery. .
The electric home charging point connects the vehicle to an electrical power source to recharge the battery. These chargers can be portable, mounted on the wall, mounted on a support (recharge totem) or installed directly on the ground.
Charging an electric car is a simple process: just connect the car using a specific cable to a charger connected to the mains and that’s it. However, not all charging stations work the same.
Some chargers can be common simply by connecting them to a common outlet. It can be the emergency chargers that come with the electric vehicle. While others require a more elaborate installation with electrical configuration and protections.
This is to ensure safety for both the vehicle and the user, in addition to providing greater charging speed. There are also the so-called electroposts. This is electric home charging point that support fast charging with higher voltage and current than residential and commercial chargers.
To charge an electric car battery, it is necessary to understand that the battery receives energy in direct current (DC). However, the vehicle receives energy in alternating current.
Therefore, there is a need for an inverter to ensure the conversion of alternating current from the electrical grid into direct current, such as batteries. Every electric car has an internal inverter to do this conversion.
Fast chargers (DC Fast Charger), on the other hand, provide energy in direct current (DC) and, therefore, use their own internal and larger inverter, transforming the energy from the grid (AC) into direct current (DC) and allowing thus greater powers and greater recharging speed.
TYPES OF CHARGERS
Electric home charging point can be classified in several ways taking into account there:
However, the most common way to classify chargers is by use: emergency, portable, residential, commercial and fast charge. The type of use is usually also associated with the power and therefore the vehicle’s recharging time:
This is the charger that accompanies the car at the time of purchase. This allows you to charge the car in common 10A sockets, such as those we have at home. As the name suggests, they can be common in unforeseen situations where more powerful chargers or sockets are not found. Despite the convenience, its low power implies lower recharge speed.
This is similar to emergency chargers, but with greater power and recharging speed. They can charge up to 32A and in some cases with a three-phase network, thus reaching up to 22kW and a good charging speed.
On the other hand, electric home charging point at 32A requires industrial sockets, which are not common in homes. To solve this problem, many portable chargers have plug and current adjustment adapters, allowing the user to choose which outlet and current to charge, as possible. Meet portable chargers.
Home Charger: With a charging speed up to 3 times faster than the emergency charger, the home charger usually has more protections and needs a dedicated installation. It is simple and safe, ideal for charging the electric car in the garage.
Recharging takes place in alternating current from 16A to 32A and this charger can be installed either on the wall or on a totem pole. Meet home chargers.
Commercial Charger: Commercial electric home charging point is similar to residential chargers, with the differential of additional features such as monitoring and consumption history, energy management, access key and charging, ideal for commercial establishments or shared use.
Electric vehicle charging takes place in alternating current from 16 to 32A and they can be installed on the wall, totem or fixed on the ground. Also, some of these chargers have two outlets and therefore allow two cars at the same time, which is very convenient.