How to use Electric Car Charging Points? Beginner’s Guide


Introduction of Electric Car Charging Points

Charging for an electric vehicle ( Electric Car Charging Points , installation, or even a cable)-in simple words, this is electrical equipment for charging the traction battery of electric vehicles (personal mobility devices such as electric scooters, electric cars, trucks, buses , boats, and so on).

An ordinary 220 V home socket in an apartment can also act as a charging station for electric vehicles. Euro plug on one side, transport compatible plug on the other-the socket charging cable must be thick and have an overheating and short circuit protection unit.

Electric Car Charging Points

Electric Car Charging Points stations and differences

But you will hardly need a home outlet if the city will build convenient, powerful, and fast Electric Car Charging Points  with applications and even free electricity. Charging for an electric vehicle: types of charging stations and differences. Three categories of charging stations for electric vehicles (by application)

The world has not yet appeared clear generally applicable standards and rules for clustering charging units for charging electric vehicles. In this, for example, EV chargers (EV-electric vehicle, author’s note) differ from smartphones-there is no unification.

Three main categories of intended use

  1. Home chargers

They are conventionally divided [as indicated in the US National Electrical Code Handbook, PDF file] into three main categories of intended use. Charging for an electric vehicle: types of Electric Car Charging Points  and differences. Home charging is needed to keep your electric vehicle charging.

Equipment is common without special data control, most often without collecting statistics. Common for personal purposes in your own home or a home parking lot. However, in 2021, for example, in the United States, the government is encouraging the connection of smart home stations to a single Smart Grid.

2. Private Electric Car Charging Points


Charging for an electric vehicle: types of charging stations and differences

Private Electric Car Charging Points  for electric vehicles are needed to maintain a charged state of commercial vehicles of a single company or groups of companies with one owner without access to others. A similar scheme is common in the United States, for example, at Amazon.

Like “home” ones, they are easy to install. But the main difference between private chargers is that they are common on optimizing the company’s amortization costs for transport. Therefore, the equipment must be able to collect statistics, manage data and provide the ability to control the entire process remotely in real-time.

3. Public Electric Car Charging Points

Charging for an electric vehicle: types of charging stations and differences

Public Electric Car Charging Points  need to expand the automotive infrastructure. For example, mobile towers are common as an extension of the telecommunications infrastructure. Similarly, unlike private and home charging stations, the public category is good on general use.

Generally, they can be quite “electric filling stations”. Furthermore, these are available to all owners of electric vehicles. As city fuel stations, they are available to all owners of vehicles with an internal combustion engine. Such equipment is almost always equipped with data monitoring systems (for electricity).

Electric Charge Points at Home 2021

Smartphone app for convenient charging control.

 safety and self-monitoring of maintenance (collecting data to understand when something needs to be repaired). Users of public Electric Car Charging Points  are usually offered a smartphone app for convenient charging control. Charging for an electric vehicle: types of charging stations and differences

Differences between different chargers for electric vehicles

Electric vehicle charging stations of a wide variety of shapes and configurations of equipment can be common in citizens’ homes, private companies, and public spaces. Also, Chargers are common, both in the form of ordinary cables with a protection unit and as part of giant “dispensers” of the type that installat fuel filling stations.

A general international classification of equipment for charging stations for electric vehicles does not yet exist. There are two attempts at standardization:

  • American (three levels of charges “Level 1-3 divided by difficulty to understand the investment costs);
  • European (four charging modes “Mode 1-4” divided by power-charging speed).

Modes” for charging electric vehicles

For a general understanding, it is better to use the American approach. It implies precisely the complexity of the equipment and the high cost of its operation, which is more important for Russian economic realities than the European marketing “modes” for Electric Car Charging Points .

1st level

Low power equipment up to 1.4 kW for an electric vehicle with an output current of 6-8 Amperes (maximum 24 A). The principle of Electric Car Charging Points  operation is the same as a charger for a smartphone. Typically plugs into a 20 / 30A 110-120V AC outlet. Such chargers are seldom common due to their low power.

Modern electric cars charge no more than 10 km for an hour (a full charge of an electric car takes up to 20 hours). The equipment is applicable for charging hybrid vehicles with small traction batteries. Not common in Russia. In Europe, it is mapped to Mode 1.

2nd level Modes” for charging electric vehicles

Equipment of increased power from 6.2 to 7.6 kW when operating from AC 208-240 V (up to 32 Amperes). Like the first level charging, it is easy to connect to a household 40-ampere outlet of 220 V. Although it is most often installed permanently with a connection to a centralized power supply.

Its task is to quickly serve a large number of consumers (electric vehicles). Moreover, Best suited for the role of a public electric station or a private service for a large commercial electric vehicle fleet. The Electric Car Charging Points  time of modern traction batteries to 100% is about 30 minutes. The controls are most often identical to Level 2 equipment.

Types of equipment for charging

To simplify completely, the equipment for charging an electric vehicle is easy to divide into three main types.

  • Outdated American chargers from a 110 V network (less and less common, low-power);
  • Also, the most common from the 220-V AC network (common massively in homes and private companies);
  • public electric filling stations from the industrial network up to 480 V DC (not yet widespread, but they are the future).


Such Electric Car Charging Points  are already under construction in USA. In Europe, identical stationary industrial equipment refers to as “Mode 4”, and it is also not widely common.

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